Centuries of Revolutionary Art
in the Hudson Highlands
just a little Revolutionary History too!)
You’ll See and Experience — #1
this trip we take you to three of the most spectacular
attractions and through the most awe inspiring
scenery in the Hudson Valley. We travel through
time from the roots of America in the 18th &
190th centuries all the way up to the latest
expressions of the most contemporary art of
the 21st century.
We start at Dia:Beacon,
the most important museum of contemporary art
from the 60’s thru the 90’s in America.
Long a fixture in Manhattain, Dia has opened
a monumental museum in Beacon housing pieces
from its permanent collection.
At Boscobel, you’ll
discover the art of the late 18th and early
19th century and wander in a landscape that
superlatives cannot reach. Boscobel is simply
the most extraordinary collection of Federal
art, design and furniture to be found in the
US. It’s filled with master-works of furniture
and domestic furnishings, and is situated atop
a bluff overlooking West Point and the Hudson
as it cuts its path through the Highlands.
Every weekend there's a reason
to get away to the Thayer Hotel.
Across the river
you’ll stop at Fort Montgomery for a quick
dip into the Revolutionary History that the
Hudson Valley is steeped in. Up the road from
atop the mountain you’ll take in a breathtaking
panoramic view of West Point and the River.
Fast forward to
post WWII art at your last stop, Storm King
Art Center, the largest sculpture park in America,
its 500 acres are scattered with master-works
of late 20th century monumental sculpture, many
created specific to their site.
It’s a long
day, get an early start and don’t dawdle.
We start you at Dia:Beacon as its hours are
the most restricted. Try to arrange your trip
on one of the Saturdays that Storm King stays
open until 8. Dusk amongst the sculpture is
an experience not to be missed. Make sure to
wear comfortable walking shoes as you are going
gallery strolling, trail wandering and lawn
|Using this Itinerary
All of HV/Net’s Driving Itineraries are
broken into five distinct sections. Each has a
purpose and each supports the other.
The first, this
section, gives you a quick look at what you
will be seeing and experiencing. We give you
a quick overview and approximate time for the
We then provide
you with a map showing the locations of the
sites we are directing you to visit and the
major roads you will be traveling on.
The third section
introduces you to each of the sites you will
be visiting. We provide you with information
on what you will be experiencing, seeing and
enjoying. We let you know of the hours of operation,
entrance fees and other amenities and restrictions
you will encounter.
The fourth section
is a detailed set of driving instructions. These
are very detailed so that you won’t get
lost as you wend your way thru the Valley.
The last section
is where we provide you with alternatives, suggested
stops for food and shopping and alternative
“Detours” that highlight points
of interest. Depending on your driving speed,
traffic and so on, these detours could be incorporated
into your day trip, or can be the centerpiece
for a return trip into the Hudson Valley.
Map — #2
You’ll Visit On Your Trip — #3
Once an uninhabited place, accessibly only by
boat, Pollepel Island, commonly known as Bannerman
Island, was considered haunted by some Native
Americans and became a refuge for those trying
to escape hostile tribes.
Francis Bannerman, born in Dundee, Scotland
in 1851, came to the United States at the age
fo three. His father took up the business of
selling goods at Navy auction. At the end of
the Civil War they increased their wares by
buying surplus stock at government auction.
After the Spanish-American War, the Bannerman
family purchased so much surplus equipment and
ammunition from the US government that the laws
of New York City forced them to seek out storage
somewhere other than the former Bannerman store
in downtown Brooklyn.
The Bannermans purchased Pollepel Island in
1900 to construct a safe storage site for their
military goods. Mr. Bannerman designed and began
constructing a warehouse in the style of a Scotish
castle and a simple residence in 1901.
Many tales both serious and comic, have been
told about the island over the years. Frank's
grandson Charles wrote prophetically in 1962
- five years before Pollepel Island was donated
to the Taconic Parks Commission, and seven years
before the great fire that damaged the castle:
"No one can tell what associations and
incidents will involve the island in the future.
Time, the elements, and maybe even the goblins
of the island will take their toll as some of
the turrets and towers, and perhaps even the
castle itself, but the little island will always
have its place in history and in legend, and
will be forever a jewel in its Highland setting."
The fanciful castle and residence now lie in
ruins on Pollepel Island, looming high above
the river spreading age old myths and legends
about the ghosts and spirits of the island and
creating new ones. Special boat tours to the
island depart from Newburgh in season taking
you out and onto the island
1601 Route 9D
Boscobel is situated on the east bank of the Hudson
River opposite the United States Military Academy
at West Point. The mansion and surrounding grounds
have panoramic views of the Hudson Highlands and
The mansion dates from the early nineteenth century
and contains one of the nation's leading collections
of furniture and decorative arts from the Federal
period, much of it made by premier New York cabinetmakers
such as Duncan Phyfe and Michael Allison.
Take a guided tour of the mansion (tours begin
at 10 a.m., and the last tour begins at 4:15
p.m. April through October, 3:15 p.m. in November
and December; tours last approximately 45 minutes),
and enjoy a self-guided tour of the magnificent
rose garden, orangery, herb garden, sprighouse,
gatehouse, and the Woodland Trail with its rustic
cedar structures and glorious scenery. There
is also a fascinating exhibition on the rescue
and restoration of Boscobel in the Visitors'
Boscobel is open every day except Tuesdays,
Thanksgiving and Christmas. The museum and grounds
are closed during January, February, and March.
Admission is: Adults: $10. Seniors (62 or older):
$9, Children (6-14): $7, Grounds Only: $7. Children
under 6 are admitted at no charge. There are
different admission charges for some special
events. Please check the calendar listings for
the proper charge
3 Beekman Street
On May 18, 2003, Dia Art Foundation, one of the
world’s preeminent contemporary art institutions,
opened Dia:Beacon, a new museum to house its renowned
but rarely seen permanent collection, comprising
major works of art from the 1960s to the present.
Dia:Beacon occupies a nearly 300,000-square-foot
historic printing factory.
Since its founding in 1974, Dia has been dedicated
to supporting individual artists and to providing
long-term, in-depth presentations of their art.
The Beacon museum’s expansive galleries
have been specifically designed for the display
of the artworks to which Dia is committed, many
of which, because of their character or scale,
could not be easily accommodated by more conventional
Works range from Andy Warhol’s 1978 Shadows
(a single work comprising multiple canvases);
to three of Richard Serra’s monumental
sculptures in the Torqued Ellipses, Walter De
Maria's Equal Area Series; "monuments"
for V. Tatlin, a series of fluorescent light
works by Dan Flavin; several mixed-media installations
by Joseph Beuys; Agnes Martin’s 1999 paintings
Innocent Love; to Hanne Darboven’s nearly
1,600-panel Kulturgeschichte 1880–1983,
In keeping with Dia’s history of single-artist,
site-related installations, each artist’s
work is installed in galleries renovated specifically
Dia:Beacon is open to visitors from 11am to
6pm Thursday through Monday mid-April to mid-October
and until 4pm the rest of the year. Admission
is $10 for adults, $7 for students and seniors
65+ and free to children under 12. Advance tickets
are not necessary, but parking is very limited.
State Historic Site
Begun in February 1776 Fort Montgomery had three
landward redoubts and river batteries while Fort
Clinton (August 1776) had a battery and two redoubts.
On October 6, 1777, in a diversion to draw off
American forces opposing General John Burgoyne's
expedition into New York from Canada, General
Sir Henry Clinton led 2,100 Loyalists, Hessians,
and Regulars from King's Ferry against the landward
approaches of Forts Montgomery and Clinton. American
Brigadier Generals Governor George and James Clinton
had to defend the two forts with a garrison of
fewer than 700 men. On the river five American
warships protected an iron chain on wooden rafts
and boom of ships' hawsers. Despite the gallant
American efforts, the undermanned twin forts fell
to overwhelming British attack by nightfall. While
British forces won the battles of Forts Clinton
and Montgomery, these fortifications disrupted
Sir Henry Clinton's timetable, complicating any
attempts to relieve Burgoyne's trapped army.
Fort Montgomery comprises some twenty-five
archeologically significant features on 14.42
acres of land owned since 1914 by the Palisades
Interstate Park Commission. The ramparts of
the irregularly shaped fortification follow
the contours of the bluffs overlooking the Hudson
River and Popolopen Creek and connect three
landward redoubts-South, Round Hill, and North--and
three river batteries-Grand, Putnam's, and River.
Foundations of structures in the fort include
the guard house, the powder magazine, the main
barracks, officers' commissary, officers' barracks,
storehouse, bake house, soldiers' necessary,
provision stores, soldiers' hut and an additional
barracks. A trail and interpretive signs tell
the story of the fort and the battle. Fort Clinton
has a museum with artifacts and exhibits describing
the forts and the battles as well as the remarkably
well-preserved Outer Redoubt.
|Storm King Art Center
Old Pleasant Hill Road
Storm King Art Center is a museum that celebrates
the relationship between sculpture and nature.
Five hundred acres of landscaped lawns, fields
and woodlands provide the site for postwar sculptures
by internationally renowned artists. At Storm
King, the exhibition space is defined by sky and
land. Unencumbered by walls, the subtly created
flow of space is punctuated by modern sculpture.
The grounds are surrounded by the undulating profiles
of the Hudson Highlands, a dramatic panorama integral
to the viewing experience. The sculptures are
affected by changes in light and weather, so no
two visits are the same.
At Storm King, visitors are encouraged to enjoy
nature as well as art, to meander on trails
and discover sculptures, or to traverse the
fields to walk among monumental works. The grounds
are under a carefully supervised program of
maintenance and change. Recently the Art Center
has developed the North Trail and a wooded grove
with sculptures, and has restored several walking
paths. Please enjoy a picnic in our beautifully
landscaped picnic area located adjacent to our
North Parking Area.
Storm King Art Center is open Wednesday to
Sundays from 11am to 5:30pm, April thru October.
On most Saturdays from June thru August Storm
King remains open until 8pm, check with them
to make sure you are visiting on one of these
Admission: $10 Adults , $9 seniors & students
with Ids, $7 Students (K-12), children under
Guided and self guided tours of Storm King
Art Center are available at the visitor center.
Docent guided “Highlights of the Collection”
tours begin daily at 2pm at the Visitor Center
and last about 1 hour. Self Guided Tram Tours
begin daily at noon and are free with your admission.
Disembark the tram, walk around and re-board
at designated locations. Acousti-Guided Tours
are available to rent at the Museum Shop. Enjoy
an audio tour with commentary from experts.
Rental fees are $5.
Driving Instructions — #4
To begin your trip we are recommending you start
by traveling up either the New York State Thruway
exiting at Newburgh and picking up I-84 crossing
the river to Beacon or taking the Taconic State
Parkway north through Westchester to I-84 and
exiting at Beacon.
Every weekend there's a reason
to get away to the Thayer Hotel.
Either way, your trip starts at the traffic
light on the end of the exit ramp from I-84
at Route 9D. We are taking you from here to
Dia:Beacon, then down the east bank of the Hudson
stopping to see Bannerman’s Castle. We’ll
then stop at Boscobel for a tour and a walk
then down the river some more to the Bear Mountain
Bridge. We’ll cross here and make a visit
to the American Revolutionary Fort Montgomery
to investigate the roots of our country.
We’ll then head up over the mountains
that make this landscape sop special, stopping
atop Storm King Mountain to gaze down at West
Point, the mighty Hudson cutting through the
gorge and Constitution Island across the river.
After that you’ll come back down off
the spine of the Appalachian’s, through
Cornwall and take a back road over to Storm
King Art Center.
You’ll start and end your day in the
midst of the cutting edge of contemporary art
sandwiching an excursion back to the 18th and
19th centuries. Quite a trip through time, quite
a trip through our cultural history.
- Traffic light at end of exit ramp of Interstate
84 at Route 9D. (if traveling across the river
from the Thruway, Route 9D is the first exit
after the bridge. Stay to the far right as the
ramp is immediately after the toll booths. From
either the east or west, Route 9D is Exit #11
– Wappinger Falls).
- right onto Beekman St. (follow sign for Dia).
Mile 1.3 - Entrance to
Dia is on right. Limited parking is available.
- Back to stop sign, at entrance/exit for Dia,
turn right, up hill to next stop sign, bear
right onto Wolcott Avenue (Route 9D).
- Cross Fishkill Creek.
- Flashing yellow light, Route 9D bears right.
- Dutchess Manor Catering on right
Just past Dutchess Manor Catering, Route 9D
begins its descent to the bank of the Hudson
River. You can see the river immediately before
you with Storm King Mountain in the background.
Care should be taken as when you reach the bottom
of the hill Route 9D makes a left turn. Our
next stop is just at the end of this curve.
Mile 6.3 - Parking
pull-offs on left, immediately after curve ends.
If you have slowly approached the end of the
curve, enter the first parking area, there are
two additional parking areas further along in
case you are not prepared. You are now near
the path for the pedestrian bridge over the
railroad tracks. Entrance to the path is slightly
behind you, on the river-side of the road, at
the northern end of the guard rail. Proceed
with some caution walking the side of the road,
enter the path, go over the bridge and follow
the path to the Bannerman Island Overlook.
- Enter tunnel under Breakneck Ridge.
- Enter Putnam County, great view of Storm King
Mountain on right.
- Little Stony Point, parking on left and right.
Great location for a picnic or walk out to the
river for the view.
- Entering Village of Cold Spring.
- Traffic light at intersection of Route 9D
and 301, Main Street of Village of Cold Spring.
Cold Spring is a perfect location for lunch
if you are driving thru at the right time.
- Foundry Museum on right.
Mile 10.1 - Entrance
to Boscobel on right.
- Cross “Indian Brook.” As you drive
this section, great views of West Point are
available to the right.
- Junction of Route 9D & 403. To the right,
“Lower Station Road” goes down to
Garrison-on-Hudson. As you proceed south on
9D looking up to the left you will have great
views of “Castle Rock,” one of the
many private estates in the Valley. “Castle
Rock Unique Area,” a state property operated
by the DEC is on the left, providing hiking
access to the nearby area.
- Entrance to Castle Rock Unique Area
- Historic Marker on right “Arnolds Flight”.
Marks the route of Benedict Arnold as he fled
before General Washington’s men after
his traitorous actions in attempting to hand
West Point to the British.
- Entrance to Manitoga on left.
- Enter Westchester County.
- Bear right at yield sign onto Bear Mountain
Bridge. As you cross the bridge, on the far
bank on the right you will see another bridge.
Where that bridge reconnects with land on the
right is the site of Fort Montgomery. Where
the Bear Mountain Bridge reaches the western
bank of the river is the site of Fort Clinton,
obliterated with the construction of the bridge.
Above and to the left is Bear Mountain with
Hessian Lake at its foot.
This stretch of the river is the site of the
major battle of the American Revolution for
Forts Clinton & Montgomery. This engagement
helped stall the British in their attempt to
control the Hudson and meet up with General
Burgoyne, descending from Canada. Had the British
succeeded in taking control of the Hudson, they
would have been able to divide the colonies
and win the war.
After passing beyond the Toll Booths a crosswalk
is plainly visible. This is the first mile of
the Appalachian Trail created. From this spot
you can hike north to Maine and south to Georgia.
At the western end of the Bear Mountain Bridge
you will come upon a traffic circle, bear right
and immediately take your first right onto Route
9W for West Point – Newburgh.
Just after the traffic circle you will cross
over the Popolopen Creek on the bridge you observed
from mid-span on the Bear Mountain Bridge. If
you drive slowly, to your right is one of the
most spectacular views in the Hudson Highlands.
You will be looking back through the Bear Mountain
Bridge seeing the Hudson River as it passes
out of the Highlands through the “South
Gate” into Peekskill Bay.
At the end of the
bridge, on your right, is the Fort Montgomery
Historic Sight. If you are early in the day,
it is worth taking a little time and visiting
this site, one of the most historically important
locations in the Highlands. Parking for the
site is further along Route 9W, on your right,
at the old Trading Post. It is badly marked,
so pay close attention.
- Junction with Route 218 on which is the Visitor
Center for West Point.
- Exit for “Stony Gate” entrance
to West Point.
- Junction of Route 9W with Routes 218 &
293. If you have checked ahead and the Storm
King Highway is open, this is where you turn
off to take that road. We do not include that
route here as it is frequently closed by rock
falls and washouts.
Mile 25.1 - West Point
Overlook Pull-Off on right. Make sure to stop
here as this is the best place in the Hudson
Valley to have an overall view of West Point
and its surroundings.
- Kendridge Farm, part of Museum of the Hudson
Highlands is on left.
- Sign on right for Storm King Art Center. Get
into right hand lane.
- Exit Route 9W for Quaker Road. At end of ramp,
turn left onto Quaker Road, Orange County Route
- Traffic light at bottom of hill, junction
of Angola Road and Route 32. Turn right onto
Route 32 following sign for Storm King.
Once you have turned right onto Route 32 you
will see immediately before you a green steel
arch bridge. On the far end of the bridge is
a left turn lane, that is where you want to
- Turn left at end of bridge onto Orrs Mills
Road following signs to Storm King Art Center.
- Follow signes for Storm King Art Center by
turning left onto Old Pleasant Hill Road.
Mile 31.4 - entrance
to Storm King Art Center is on left.
- back at Old Pleasant Hill Road after visit
to Storm King Art Center. Turn right.
- Stop sign at Orrs Mills Road. Turn right onto
Orrs Mills Road.
- Stop sign at junction of Orrs Mills Road with
Route 32. Turn right onto Route 32.
- Enter Hamlet of Mountainville.
- Entrance to Black Rock Forest on left.
- Enter Town of Woodbury.
- Traffic light in Highland Falls at junction
of Route 32 with County Route 105.
- Mobil gas station on left, last chance for
gas before entering onto the NYS Thruway. Next
chance for gas is on the Thruway itself about
15 miles ahead at the Sloatsburg Rest Stop.
- Entrance to Woodbury Common Premium Outlets
on left. After passing Woodbury Common, move
into left lane for entrance onto the New York
State Thruway, three traffic lights ahead. As
you continue south on Route 32 through this
series of intersections, the left most two lanes
allow you to turn left onto the entrance ramp
for the New York State Thruway.
Destinations — #5
| In the 1930’s, 40s and 50’s,
the signature of Russel Wrigh on a set of dinnerware
or piece of furniture elicited instant response.
At that time, Wright was one of the best known
designers in the US. At the apex of his career,
Wright left New York City and moved his base of
operations to Garrison. It was here that he created
a unique home and designed landscape. He named
it Manitoga, meaning Place of the Great Spirit
When Wright first found the property in 1942,
it had been damaged by a century of quarrying
and lumbering. Over the next three decades,
he carefully redesigned and resculpted Manitoga’s
75 acres using nativeplants, his trainging as
a theater designer and sculptor, and his innovative
design ideas. Though the landscape appears natural,
it is actually a careful design of native trees,
ferns, mosses, and wildflowers with 4 miles
of paths leading you through it all.
Manitoga is the only 20th century modern homesite
open to the public in New York, and one of the
few on the east coast. Wright considered it
his most important creative effort. In 1966
it was listed on the National Register of Historic
All the land you see on the
mountain on your left as you drive on Route
32 north of Central Valley is contained within
the Mountainville Conservancy. The Conservancy
is a large tract of land established to protect
the Schunemunk Mountain from Highland Mills
north to the hamlet of Mountainville. It, and
Black Rock Forest located on the right of Route
32, comprise an excellent location if you are
an avid hiker or someone looking for a quiet
and peaceful place to enjoy nature. Although
immediately adjacent to the New York Metropolitan
complex, they are not heavily used, unlike Bear
Mountain State Park and Harriman State Park,
because they are not "developed" with
major access points and amenities. In fact,
unless you know how and where, accessing them
can be impossible. We recommend you contact
the NY/NJ Trail Conference for information.
They publish guide books to the whole area,
including Mountainville Conservancy and Black
Rock Forest. In fact, these two parcels are
extensively covered in their trail maps, as
the "Hudson Trails West". The NY/NJ
Trail Conference maps are the best available!
The Mountainville Conservancy includes the
northern part of Schunemunk Mountain with over
20 miles of marked hiking trails. Containing
approximately 2,300 acres, the land was donated
to the Conservancy by the Star Expansion Industries
of Mountainville in 1985. You should note that
hunting, open fires and motorized vehicles of
all kinds are not allowed on the Conservancy
at any time. The ridge of Schunemunk Mountain
is nearly 1,700 feet in elevation and the trails
along the mountain provide excellent views of
the Hudson River and the Valley.
Black Rock Forest is a preserve
of special interest to hikers and nature lovers.
Throughout the Forest are many reservoirs supplying
local communities with water and the hiker with
refreshing vistas. Black Rock Forest includes
roughly 4,000 acres of a high, rugged granite
plateau with dozens of summits over 1,400 feet
in elevation. The Forest is named for Black
Rock, a prominent pitch-pine-clad summit south
of Cornwall, which is one of the most conspicuous
in the area, offering grand views to the north,
east and west. The highest summit in Black Rock
Forest is Spy Rock at 1,464', and gives an exceptional
view. From this summit, sentinels from Washington's
army at Newburgh watched British vessels sailing
up the Hudson to Haverstraw Bay.
You should note that access to Black Rock Forest
is restricted, it is private property and can,
at times, be completely closed down. This is,
however, very infrequent and usually only during
times of extreme fire hazard. However, access
to Black Rock Forest is a privilege granted
by the Preserve and is limited exclusively to
hiking and walking the marked trails and roadways.
All motorized vehicles are completely forbidden,
as well as camping & outdoor fires. Hunting
and fishing privileges are exclusively restricted
to members of the Black Rock Forest Fish and
Common Premium Outlets
| As you can see from the road, Woodbury
Common is a mega-center of factory outlets. At
last count there were over 200 stores contained
in the complex. It’s designed as a walking
friendly colonial village with wide paved boulevards
for the shoppers. If you've never been, it's definitely
worth taking a day and doing some serious shopping.
You might be interested to know that Woodbury
Common is one of the most visited “tourist”
sites in New York.
| Depending on how much time you
spent at Dia:Beacon, if you are driving past Cold
Spring around lunch time we would suggest you
take the time to stop there. Main Street has many
wonderful small eateries as well as grand gourmet
restaurants. But whatever you do, don’t
get trapped into the spell of Cold Spring! You’ve
got a lot of ground yet to travel!
Or consider picking up something to “go”
from one of the small eateries, pizza shops
or delis in Cold Spring and taking it with you
to your next stop at Fort Montgomery. It’s
a short drive from Cold Spring to your next
stop, and a picnic overlooking the mighty Hudson
as it careens through the Highlands is a real
|Seriously consider a picnic at Storm
King for your early evening meal. If you’ve
scheduled your visit on one of the Saturdays that
Storm King is open until dusk, you will have a
wonderful experience picnicking amongst the monumental
sculptures. Your alternatives for picking up some
cold picnic fare are:
Cornwall-on-Hudson - When you are exiting Route
9W for Quaker Road, turn right instead of left
and go into Cornwall. There is a charming little
village center with a supermarket and a couple
of small shops. Or return to Cornwall-on-Hudson
after visiting Storm King and enjoy a leisurely
dinner at one of the many excellent restaurants
on and around the Village Center.
Vails Gate - Instead of turning left on Route
32 onto Orrs Mills Road for Storm King, continue
north on Route 9W and within a mile you will
arrive in Vails Gate. There are several excellent
grocery supermarkets where you can pick up prepared
foods and beverages. There are also a dizzying
number of fast food outlets ranging from burgers
to tacos to donuts. Take your pick, spread out
a blanked on the lawn at Storm King and enjoy
a al fresco repast. Just retrace your route
and turn “right” onto Orrs Mills
Road. Or, after visiting Storm King, you can
go into Vails Gate for a quick bite.
An alternative is to follow our driving instructions
and head south on Route 32 to Woodbury Common
Premium Outlets. Between Woodbury Common and
the shopping center just beyond you have a choice
of Applebee’s, Uno’s Pizza and Fridays.
Follow the signs to Wal-Mart and you’ll
find a Chili’s.
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